What is the Internet of Things?

The Internet of Things is a collective term for hundreds of devices that can connect to the internet wirelessly, and possibly connect to each other as well.

Some of the most common questions asked are :

What is the Internet of Things?

What are Internet of Things Devices?

How Does the Internet of Things Work?

How do IoT Devices Communicate with Each Other?

What is a Smart Device?

Whilst wireless devices are not new, what is new is the growth, and anticipated growth, in such devices, which is massive and set to explode in the next five or ten years. Many of these devices, which cover all areas of modern life, are being rushed to market, often with inherent security weakness’s as a result.

The Internet of Things is perhaps best understood by the following scenario.

Driving home from work, your car automatically detects that you are approaching home. Your car automatically opens your garage doors, turns on the lighting in your home, turns on the central heating in your home, switches your oven on, starts playing your favourite music that it has taken from your playlists on your smartphone.

As you get into your garage, you see the groceries that have been automatically delivered to your home. This was done buy your refrigerator realising that it had run low on a number of items and had contacted your local grocery store.

The grocery store had updated your normal inventory, automatically debited the money from your bank account and delivered your groceries. To some people, this scenario sounds like a dream, to others like a nightmare.

In any event, the Internet of Things refers to a world Web watch everything is connected wirelessly, with a huge range of privacy and cyber security implications involved. To people who think the above scenario is a kind of fairytale, the reality is that it is happening at the moment.

It is being driven by the major tech companies in the same way that cell phones and smart phones were being driven by phone companies a few years ago.

The range of Internet connected devices and wearables and products is growing at a huge rate, and it is only a matter of time before the Internet of Things, a wirelessly connected world, becomes more of a reality.

INTERNET of THINGS – SMART HOME

The smart home has become the focus of where the Internet of things is seen as developing, see Amazon’s Echo, but is closely followed by the healthcare industry where wireless connection of devices is already gathering significant momentum. Other areas of industry and finance and commerce are moving forward a pace as well.

The issues concerning cyber security are enormous, and the need for some type of cyber insurance staggering. If everything that you own, buy or wear can be connected wirelessly to the Internet, then it can also be theoretically hacked, or have some other way of some type of malware installed in the system.

This means potentially an individuals home is at risk, their car is at risk, their body is at risk if they have something like a pacemaker fitted, their pet is at risk if it is microchiped, as well as all their day-to-day activities being at risk such as banking, shopping etc, especially if being done on a smart phone or mobile device.

The other way that the Internet of things impacts hugely on cyber security is simply that any employee or volunteer will be taking their connected life with them into their place of employment or work, meaning that anything on or about them that is wirelessly connected will then feed into the IT infrastructure of their place of work.

This means that any organisation or businesses IT systems and networks can immediately be exposed to a wide range of wearables and devices that the IT system administrators have no real control over.

This of itself poses significant risks in terms of a data breach, in addition to the unpredictability of whatever wearable or device an individual may unwittingly bring into their place of employment or work.

 

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